The table below shows how these different approaches to commissioning look in relation to the ladder of participation.
As the table shows, it is difficult to combine using co-production with approaches to commissioning that are about doing things to or for people.
Different councils will be at different levels of the ladder. Click here to see some of the practical steps that councils can take to move up the ladder and improve. You can also take a quiz to test your knowledge and help you check where your council's commissioning activity is on the spectrum of practice.